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Phase 1 Topic Overveiw

Overview links with the Curriculum 
Phase 1 

Explorers
Geography/ History/ Understanding the World.
As our Explorers follow a curriculum based on EYFS style of learning, this framework has been used to guide our objectives for them for Phase 1, although where appropriate, pupils will be challenged with greater depth.
Pupils will look at past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. They know that other pupils don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
Pupils know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.


Year 1
Autumn 1: Picture This
Art based topic
Pupils will explore paintings/ photos of people they know and don’t know, at different ages and throughout history.  They will also look at paintings/ photos of different people from around the world, and look for similarities and differences sorting and matching to different criteria. Pupils will learn new signs/ symbols/ words for things such as age, facial features.

 

Autumn 2: Let’s Celebrate
RE based topic
Pupils will look at their own celebrations and celebrations that happen in their community.  They will explore various artefacts such as Christmas decorations, and Halloween pumpkins. 

 

Spring 1 and 2: The Blue Abyss
Pupils will explore how oceans can differ around the globe and the types of things they will see such as icebergs or coral reefs.  They will learn language associated with bodies of water such as sea, ocean, river, pond etc and the different animals that can be found in these bodies of water.
Pupils will explore water transport and share photos of times that they have visited the ocean and been on different water transport.

 

Summer 1 and 2: Truly Scrumptious
Pupils will explore treats from around the world, using their senses to explore them.   Children will explore food from South America, Asia, Europe and the UK. 
Children will share the foods they do and don’t like, and will find out about healthy delicious foods.

Transition: Through the Decades
Pupils will look at photos of themselves and family members and how they have changed over time. They will look at objects from the past and compare to objects from today such as technology, toys etc.


Year 2
Autumn 1: 3,2,1 Blast Off
Pupils will explore different transport involved in space travel including rockets, shuttles, space buggies etc.  They will join in with space experiences such as blasting off to space and going on different journeys to different planets etc.

 

Autumn 2: Where’s Wally
Wally will hide in different locations along the Amazon, looking at the river, rainforest and mountains.  They will explore the features of these different environments through maps such as bridges, waterfall, rivers, buildings etc.
They will also explore the history of the people there such as the different tribes and how they live their lives.

 

Spring 1: Disaster
Pupils will look at disasters that could happen at home such as flooding and fire. They will look at people who help us in these instances and how to get help in a disaster.  We will encourage children to look for dangers in the world around them such as cars, fireworks, climbing trees etc.

Spring 2: Rocking Royalty
Pupils will look at pictures of the queen and how she has changed over time.  They will explore castles including Buckingham Palace and castles around the world including Disney’s, Neuschwanstein Castle – Germany, Mont Saint Michel – France.  Children will begin to learn words/ Signs such as princess, prince, knight etc.

 

Spring 1 and 2: Land Ahoy
Pirates- Pupils will join pirates on adventures across the water, exploring pirate ships, clothing and desert islands.  Pupils will look at treasure maps and what different symbols mean.

 

Transition: Olympics
Pupils to explore sports from around the globe such as skiing, tennis and surfing. 

 

 

Year 3

Autumn 1: Jump into the Jurassic
Dinosaurs – Pupils will look at different types of dinosaurs and how they lived on sea, land and could fly.  Pupils will understand that all dinosaurs are dead now.  Children will look at the landscape during this era, volcanoes, forests etc.

 

Autumn 2: Frozen Earth
Pupils will look at homes, towns and cities in frozen places.  They will learn about the different features of icy landscapes and the appropriate clothing you need to wear there.

 

Spring 1: Inspire us
Superheroes and real life heroes.
Children will learn about different jobs including those people who help us including firemen, doctors and nurses, soldiers.

 

Spring 2: Magic Box
Explore objects from history and compare with items from today including an old camera, old toys etc.

 

Summer 1 and 2: Save Our World

Children will look at rubbish in our environments and how it impacts animals.  They will explore improving environments and how to recycle.

 

Transition: Changes
Children will look at changes within themselves from baby pictures to now. They will also explore familiar family members and how they have changed over time.
Ext- Changes in the world around us which could focus on transport, buildings or clothes. 


Adventurers
Adventurers curriculum is based on the KS1 National Curriculum and covers much of the History and Geography content.
Pupils should develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They should know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They should use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms. They should ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They should understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.
Pupils should develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.

 

Year 1
Autumn 1: Picture This
Art focused topic
Compare and contrast a maximum of 3 artists of different styles, periods and countries e.g Kandinsky, Matisse, Mondrian, Banksy.

History
The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributes to national and international achievements.

 

Autumn 2:  Let’s Celebrate
RE focused topic
Explorer different traditions within our communities by looking at celebrations such as Halloween, Diwali, Thanks giving and Christmas. 

History
Pupils will learn about significant historical events in their own locality. 

 

Spring 1&2: The Blue Abyss 
Identify the 5 oceans, comparing and contrasting them.  
Look at the weather patterns within the UK and how the water cycle involves our oceans.

Geography:
Locational knowledge
•    Name and locate the world’s five oceans.

Human and Physical Geography
•    Identify the locations of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
•    Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
Key Physical features including; beach, cliff, coast, sea, ocean, river.

 

Summer 1:  Truly Scrumptious
Explore foods from around the UK, focusing on the different countries. Ie Haggis from Scotland, Irish stew, potato and leek soup, Fish and Chips. 
Look at foods from Africa and Asia.

Geographical 
Locational Knowledge 
Name and locate the world’s seven continents.
Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries of the UK and it’s 
surrounding seas.

 

Summer 2:  Through the Decades
Visit local town and look at how it has changed using old photographs.
Investigate road maps around the local area, looking at different symbols and what they mean.

History
Significant historical places in their own locality.
Changes within living memory.

Geography
Human and physical geography
•    Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to human features. 
Geographical skills and fieldwork
•    Use simple compass directions and locational and directional language to describe the location of features and routes on a map.


Year 2
Autumn 1:   3,2,1 Blast Off

Pupils will understand significant events in the history of space travel and their significance eg. Landing on the moon.

Compare the lives and contributions of Neil Armstrong and Tim Peake

History
The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. 

 

Autumn 2:   Where’s Wally
Wally will visit various destinations -  Cairo, EGYPT, Morzine, FRANCE and Nottingham, UK.  Looking at the where they are on maps and comparing the regions human and physical geography.
Geography 
Place Knowledge
•    Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the UK, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.
Human and physical geography
•    Use basic geographical vocab to refer to key physical and human features.
Geographical skills and fieldwork
•    Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK as well as other countries.

 

Spring 1:  Disaster
Pupils will learn about great disasters in history including the Great Fire of London, the Titanic and Chernobyl. 

History:
Great events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally.

Spring 2: Rocking Royalty
Study the life of a significant individual from the monarchy.
Compare the life of Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth II – houses, family tree, transport, hobbies etc

History
The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. 

 

Summer 1 and 2: Land Ahoy
Look at Christopher Columbus and his explorations.  Pupils will imagine being on their own adventure, thinking about what they will need to pack and how to navigate on their journey.

History:
the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and
international achievements. Some should be used to compare aspects of life in
different periods.

Geography
Geographical skills and fieldwork
•    Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and it’s countries as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.
•    Uses simple compass directions and locational directional language to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

Summer 2: Olympics (Paralympics)
Identify countries in the UK that make up British Olympic team. 

Look in depth at achievements and inspiration from Paralympians
•    Richard Whitehead
•    Ollie Hind

Geography
Locational Knowledge
•    Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries of the UK and it’s surrounding seas. 
History:
Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.

 

 

Year 3
Autumn 1: Jump into the Jurassic
To look at different dinosaurs that have been found in different places around the globe, comparing their characteristics.
Pupils will develop a timeline of dinosaurs over the Mesozoic era.
To consider how we find out about them and that time ie. Fossils and bones.
Find out about how the dinosaurs became extinct, possible theories.

History
Events beyond living memory that are signification globally.

 

Autumn 2: Frozen Earth
Explore the globe in relation to climate, look at how the environments vary.
Complete a case study of a frozen place ie. Montreal or St Petersburg and contrast with Nottinghamshire.

Geography:
Place knowledge
•    Understand geographical similarities and different through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the UK and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

Human and physical geography
•    identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
•    Use basic geographical vocab to refer to
Key physical Features and key human features.


Spring 1: Inspire Us!
Research and examine the impact of these individuals and the impact they had.
•    Rosa Parks – Civil rights 
•    Emily Davison – Suffragette 
•    Thomas Edison (SEN) – invented the light bulb

History:
the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and
international achievements. Some should be used to compare aspects of life in
different periods.

Events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally.

 

Spring 2: Magic Box
Disease
COVID 19 pandemic focus – face masks, 2m social distancing
Black Death/ Plague – Ring a ring a roses/ black cross on a door.

History
Changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in National life.
Events beyond living memory that are significant 

 

Summer 1 and 2: Save Our World
Look at how we can recycle and why it is important.  Look at damaged caused by climate change.

Geography:
Human and physical geography
use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
•    key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea,
ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
•    key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop
Transition: Changes
Use observational skills to study the geography of the school
Identify key human and physical features of the site and local area
Devise simple maps

History:
significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.

Geography
Geographical skills and fieldwork
•    use simple compass directions and locational and directional language to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

Pioneers
History
Pupils should continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study. They should note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms. They should regularly address and sometimes devise historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. They should construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information. They should understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources. In planning to ensure the progression described above through teaching the British, local and world history outlined below, teachers should combine overview and depth studies to help pupils understand both the long arc of development and the complexity of specific aspects of the content.
Geography
Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.
Year 1
Autumn 1: Picture This
Art led topic focus
Focus upon self portrait artists from different parts of the world including self portraits.
Frida Kahlo - Mexico
Vincent Van Gogh - France
JMW Turner – UK

Links to NC
Geography (KS2)
Place knowledge
•    understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America.
History 
The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements.

Autumn 2:  Let’s Celebrate
RE led topic focus
Focus upon celebrations around the world, and the history of how they have arrived.
UK – Bonfire Night (Houses of parliament etc.) 
Mexico – Dia De Muertos (
Christmas around the World – Australia (Bondi Beach and Sydney Opera House), Germany (Christmas Markets in cities, ) , South  Africa (Table Moutain and beaches)

History 
To note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop appropriate use of historical terms.  

Geography 
Pupils extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include North and South America. Including location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant  physical and human features.

Spring 1&2: The Blue Abyss 
Science led topic focus
Looking in depth at Oceans and great explorers of the oceans including Great British Explorers – Sir Francis Drake (1540 -1596), Captain James Cook (1726 – 1779), Robert Falcon Scott ( 1868 – 1912).

Geography 
Locational knowledge
•    identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

Geographical skills and fieldwork
•    use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world

History 
A study of an aspect or theme in British History that extends pupils chronological knowledge beyond 1066.

Summer 1 and 2:  Truly Scrumptious
Look at how chocolate is made and used throughout the world.  Look at the Mayan’s civilisation and their development of chocolate.  

Geography:
Locational knowledge (looking at countries that produce chocolate and sweets).

History
a non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen
from: Mayan civilization c. AD 900; 

Transition:  Through the Decades 
Local history – Mining, mines and tips, and the Miners strikes. 

History:
A local history study.

Geography
Human and Physical Geography
Human Geography, including the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.

Year 2
Autumn 1:   3, 2, 1, Blast Off!
Chronological plotting of different significant events throughout the history of space – such as first animal in space, first man and woman in space etc.

History:
A chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of World History.  Pupils understand that our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.

Geography
Look at how the rotation of the Earth around the sun affects the different seasons.


Autumn 2: Where’s Wally?
Wally to visit a variety of different times including

Geography:
Geographical skills and fieldwork
•    use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and
describe features studied


History:
a non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen
from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan
civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300.


Spring 1: Disaster 
Enquiry based learning focusing on the story of Pompeii. Research the Roman Empire and it’s impact on Britain.
Understand the role of evidence to discover facts about the past.
Question the evidence found like a real archaeologist.
 
History
The Roman Empire and it’s impact on Britain.

Geography
Human and Physical Geography
Describe and understand physical geography including Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Spring 2: Rocking Royalty
Queen and her region of leadership – ie the UK. And then moving onto the British Empire and how it has developed and changed.

History
A study or theme in British History that extends pupils chorological knowledge beyond 1066.

Geography
Locational knowledge
•    Name and Locate countries and cities of the UK, geographical regions and their identify human and physical characteristics, key topographical regions and and land use patterns, and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.
Human and physical Geography
•    Human Geography including types of settlement and land use, and economic activity including trade links.
 Geographical skills and fieldwork
•    Uses maps, atlases, globes and digital/ computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.


Summer 1 and 2:   Land Ahoy!
Viking Invaders.

Geography:
Locational knowledge
•    identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern
Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and
Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and
night)

History
Vikings and Anglo -Saxon struggle for the kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

Transition: Olympics
Ancient Greece and the Olympics

History:
•    Ancient Greece


Year 3

Autumn 1: Jump into the Jurassic
Continental drift and splitting of supercontinent Pangea, and exploration of the Mesozoic Era.

Geography:
Human and physical geography
•    Describe and understand the key aspects of Physical Geography including volcanoes and Earthquakes
Geographical skills and fieldwork
•    use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and
describe features studied

History
Pupils will develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of world history.

Autumn 2: Frozen Earth
Explore the water cycle and features of frozen water throughout the Earth.  

Look at different human groups that live in Frozen places such as Inuits and Alaskans eg ice road truckers.

Geography:
Human and physical geography
•    describe and understand key aspects of:
physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers,
mountains, glaciers, and the water cycle.
•    human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity
including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy,
food, minerals and water
Spring 1: Inspire Us
Inspiring people
Nelson Mandela
Greta Thunberg
Sir Isaac Newton – famous autistic
Wolfgang Mozart – famous autistic

Study the achievements of the Earliest civilizations – including Mesopotamia, Ancient Sumer and Ancient Egypt.

History
The achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared.
Spring 2 – Magic box
An in depth study of Ancient Egypt using artefacts to encourage discussion and reflection.  

History
A depth study of Ancient Egypt

 

Summer 1 and 2: Save Our World
Pupils to explore the issues of climate change and the impact around the globe, including global warming and it’s impact.
Use geographical vocabulary to describe human and physical features.
Understand how human and physical processes affect the weather, climate and the environment.

Geography:
Human and physical geography
•     describe and understand key aspects of:
•     physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers,
mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle

 

Transition: Changes
Changes from a Stone age to Iron age.

History:
Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron age.

Humanities Resources for online learning


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